United Nations Security Council Reform
Communique ussied by the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs
(Paris, 20 February 2009)
The intergovernmental negotiations on reforming the Security Council were launched yesterday, in accordance with our wishes and the timetable set by the General Assembly in its decision of 15 September last. This is an important milestone: it is essential to start genuine negotiations promptly and not just continue with the discussions – we have had enough of these in the General Assembly.
As President Sarkozy reiterated in his New Year greeting to the diplomatic corps on 16 January 2009, when it comes to reforming the international institutions, the reform of the Security Council is an imperative.
It is in our interest to work on reforming the Security Council so as to improve its efficiency and legitimacy in resolving crises. The Security Council must better represent today’s world while remaining capable of taking the necessary measures to address the security problems of the twenty-first century.
Security Council reform has to include increasing the number of permanent and non-permanent members. We support the accession to a permanent member seat of Germany, Brazil, India and Japan, as well as a fairer representation of Africa and the Arab countries on the Security Council.
To be more certain of achieving a reform of the Security Council, we support the option of an interim reform, as President Sarkozy reiterated on 16 January. This option will allow us to move forward by testing the parameters of a Security Council reform.
To achieve an effective reform, member States need to ensure a political commitment at the highest level in order to give the intergovernmental negotiations the necessary support and momentum./.